VIDEO! Rock & Jazz Clinic: Rediscovering Rudiments (January 2014)

by Miguel Monroy

Regardless of your desire as a drummer, whether it’s to play blistering solos or tasteful grooves, studying the rudiments will do much to help you take your craft to the next level. In this article, our goal is not only to encourage you to study the rudiments as they were written, on the snare, but to explore them in a way that opens up a whole new world of opportunities behind the drumset (you can download a pdf of the PAS drum rudiments below).

I have the privilege of teaching drumset to students ranging in age from five to forty-five. One question that I ask every one of them is, “How can you master multiple drums if you haven’t mastered one”? Before we ever start applying rudiments to the full kit, we take a good while to work them up on the snare drum. Two things that I would encourage you to be mindful of when practicing rudiments is note consistency and tempo. Note consistency means that you have the ability to play a particular rudiment evenly at any volume level, from soft to loud. Tempo refers to having the ability to play a particular rudiment at any speed without sacrificing your note consistency.

A couple of great rudiments to start with are single-stroke and double-stroke rolls. If possible, record yourself playing these two rudiments and see if you can hear the transition from one hand to the other. After you’ve analyzed your playing, make adjustments that result in a silky-smooth sound. Advertisement

After you get those two rolls to a satisfactory level on the snare, it’s time to progress to the next phase, which involves creating parameters and rules for how to orchestrate them on the kit.

Rule 1: Switch to a new sound source every two notes within the double-stroke roll.

Rule 2: With a single paradiddle (which is a combination of two single strokes and a double stroke), replace the right-hand part with the bass drum and add quarter notes on the hi-hat with the right hand.

Rule 3: With a five-stroke roll (two double strokes and an accented single stroke), play the accented notes on toms while all the other notes are played on the snare.

After you get comfortable utilizing different parameters and rules with a rudiment, see if those ideas will work as a drum fill.


The next phase is to play various ostinatos with your feet while keeping the rudiment on the snare. I always start with a basic bass drum and hi-hat ostinato and then move on to Latin feels, like  samba.

After the rudiment feels good on the snare with the various foot ostinatos, begin to implement some of the rules that we were using earlier to spice things up a bit.

Another way to explore the possibilities of a rudiment is by phrasing it between the hi-hat and snare. Begin with something simple, like a single paradiddle, and then add quarter notes on the bass drum. After you get comfortable with that groove, try moving the right hand around the drumset to see how things evolve. Advertisement

There are countless ways to expand on each rudiment, so don’t be afraid to use your imagination and explore!


Download a pdf of the PAS drum rudiments here.


Miguel Monroy is the creator of, a free educational resource for drummers, and he serves as a drumset and percussion instructor for the community music program at the University of Louisville.


Be sure to check out the complete article in the January 2014 issue of Modern Drummer for additional tips and musical examples.